What is Obesity?Obesity is a common, treatable disease associated with excess body fat. Obesity is caused by environmental or genetic factors and can be very difficult to control with diet alone. Obesity is diagnosed by a physician and classified as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher.
Causes of ObesityHaving a good understanding of the causes of obesity can help to treat obesity effectively. Obesity is a complicated disease, not just a food-related condition, and has multiple causes. Causes of obesity in general include:
- Stress and anxiety can trigger obesity. To be successful in weight management, it may be necessary to work on psychological factors.
- Excess calories consumed than calories burned can cause weight gain.
- Long daily trips and desk jobs speed up weight gain by limiting physical activity.
- People who don’t get enough sleep, in general, may be prone to weight gain.
- The body has hormones (chemicals that control the function and activity of tissues and organs in the body) that help to know the state of hunger or satiety. These hormones, which signal hunger and satiety, do not always work correctly in people with obesity.
- A genetic predisposition increases the likelihood of obesity.
- Some drugs used can cause weight gain.
- Consistent consumption of foods and beverages high in calories and fat is associated with being overweight.
What Are the Health Risks Associated with Obesity?
Excess weight can be quite difficult for the body. There are more than 100 diseases or problems associated with being overweight and obese. These health problems are diseases that can reduce the quality of life and are commonly referred to as obesity-related conditions. Diseases caused by obesity generally include:
Kidney disease means that the kidneys are heavily damaged and unable to filter the blood properly. Obesity increases the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure, which are the most common causes of kidney disease.
Obesity greatly increases the risk of health problems that may occur during pregnancy.
Treatment of ObesityObesity treatment plans are made for each individual by the physician. Early treatment is vital. There are many obesity treatment options and combinations are often preferred to manage obesity. The methods used for obesity treatment are:
Changes in Physical ActivityPhysical activity is very important in the treatment of obesity. It’s best to start activities simple and keep them manageable. After dinner, walks can be made. It is very important to make physical activity a part of the day. When making an exercise and physical activity plan, keep in mind the following:
- Make it realistic
- Actualize it
- Make it fun
Changes in Eating HabitsChanging eating habits can be challenging. It is very important to evaluate food and beverage options well. Healthy eating is a journey shaped by many factors such as age, weight, metabolism, food preferences, access to food, culture, and traditions. A specialist should be consulted before making dietary changes.
Bariatric SurgeryObesity surgery is also known as metabolic and bariatric surgery. These terms are preferred to emphasize the impact of bariatric surgery on patients’ weight and metabolic health. In addition to being able to treat obesity, these effective surgical procedures are also extremely effective for the treatment of hypertension, diabetes, sleep apnea, and high cholesterol. These surgical applications also can prevent health problems that may arise in the future.
This procedure allows obese patients to live a much better quality of life. Today’s bariatric and metabolic surgeries, which are performed with very small incisions by preferring minimally invasive methods (such as robotic surgery and laparoscopic), have been significantly improved over many years and are among the most effective treatment methods in today’s medicine. These important developments enable patients to have a comfortable treatment process with much less pain, fewer side effects, a faster recovery period, and a very short hospitalization period.
These surgical procedures are extremely safe, with much fewer side effects than common surgeries such as hysterectomy, leg replacement, brain surgery, and heart valve surgery. The main purpose of these surgical applications is to seriously modify the intestine and stomach to quickly treat obesity and related problems. Surgical procedures greatly shrink the stomach and may also bypass part of the intestines. This leads to less food consumption and completely changes the way the body absorbs food for energy. This causes hunger to be minimized and satiety to increase at high levels. These practices also improve the body’s function to reach its ideal weight effectively. This procedure is also extremely effective for the remission of obesity-related conditions.